• Julian Simpson

New risk factors for low back pain identified

New risk factors for low back pain identified


September 2021 Research has shown that an increase in the following can lead to an increased likelihood that you could develop low back pain

  • waist hip ratio

  • body fat rate

  • total fat mass

  • waist circumference

Reference

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Waist circumference, waist-hip ratio, body fat rate, total body fat mass and risk of low back pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis

You Q, Jiang Q, Li D, Wang T, Wang S, Cao S. Eur Spine J. 2021 Sep 24. doi: 10.1007/s00586-021-06994-y

Results

A total of fifteen studies with 92,936 participants were included, of which ten were related to WC, five were related to WHR, four were related to BFR, and four were related to total BFM. Pooled results indicated that high WC (odds ratio (OR) = 1.30, 95% CI 1.10–1.54) and WHR (OR = 1.33, 95% CI 1.00–1.76) were associated with an increased risk of chronic low back pain (c-LBP). High WC (OR = 1.18, 95% CI 1.03–1.34) was also associated with an increased risk of non-c-LBP. The risk of non-c-LBP increased by 23% (OR = 1.23, 95% CI 1.01–1.50) for every 10% increase in BFR, and for every 10 kg in

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